Nitrogen fixation in wheat provided by Klebsiella pneumoniae 342

A. Leonardo Iniguez, Yuemei Dong, Eric W. Triplett

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166 Scopus citations


In this report, all of the criteria necessary for the demonstration of nitrogen fixation in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), the world's most important crop, are shown upon inoculation with a nitrogen-fixing bacterium, Klebsiella pneumoniae 342 (Kp342). Kp342 relieved nitrogen (N) deficiency symptoms and increased total N and N concentration in the plant. Nitrogen fixation was confirmed by 15N isotope dilution in the plant tissue and in a plant product, chlorophyll. All of these observations were in contrast to uninoculated plants, plants inoculated with a nitrogen-fixing mutant of Kp342, and plants inoculated with dead Kp342 cells. Nitrogenase reductase was produced by Kp342 in the intercellular space of the root cortex. Wild-type Kp342 and the nifH mutant colonized the interior of wheat roots in equal numbers on a fresh weight basis. The nitrogen fixation phenotype described here was specific to cv. Trenton. Inoculation of cvs. Russ or Stoa with Kp342 resulted in no relief of nitrogen deficiency symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1078-1085
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Plant-Microbe Interactions
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Diazotrophic endophyte
  • Endophytic colonization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science


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