Nifedipine therapy for preterm labor: Effects on placental, fetal cerebral and atrioventricular Doppler parameters in the first 48 hours

S. Guclu, M. Gol, U. Saygili, N. Demir, O. Sezer, A. A. Baschat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To assess the effect of nifedipine tocolysis on Doppler parameters of the uterine, umbilical and fetal middle cerebral arteries and atrioventricular valves in the first 48 h of therapy. Methods: Doppler waveforms of uterine, umbilical and middle cerebral arteries and both atrioventricular valves were measured from 28 pregnant women and fetuses prior to and during nifedipine therapy for preterm labor. Maternal and fetal heart rates (FHR), maternal systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and the Doppler pulsatility index (PI) of the uterine, umbilical and middle cerebral arteries were measured. The cerebroplacental ratio (middle cerebral artery PI/umbilical artery PI) was calculated. The total time velocity integrals (TVIs) of tricuspid and mitral valves and their E- and A-wave peak velocity ratio (E/A) were measured, friedman repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to compare the variables before and after nifedipine therapy. If significant differences were found, Wilcoxon's signed ranks test was used to analyze the difference between the two variables. A P-value of < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Nifedipine maintenance was associated with a significant decline in maternal systolic and diastolic blood pressure after 24 h, while maternal heart rate and FHR were unaffected. The uterine artery PI had decreased significantly at 24 and 48 h, while the umbilical artery PI did not change significantly. The middle cerebral artery PI had decreased significantly at 24 and again at 48 h. A significant fall in the cerebroplacental Doppler ratio was maintained beyond 24 h. The mean E/A values, TVIs and TVI × FHR values at 24 and 48 h were unchanged from the baseline values. Conclusions: Nifedipine maintenance tocolysis is associated with a significant decline in uterine artery and middle cerebral artery Doppler indices 24 h after the first dose. Fetal cardiac diastolic function is unaffected and the significant redistribution observed after 24 h is likely to be attributable to altered cerebral blood flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)403-408
Number of pages6
JournalUltrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atrioventricular valves
  • Doppler
  • Long-term nifedipine
  • Middle cerebral artery
  • Tocolysis
  • Umbilical artery
  • Uterine artery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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