Nickel and vanadium metal ions induce apoptosis of T-lymphocyte Jurkat cells

Angela Au, Jinny Ha, Mauro Hernandez, Anna Polotsky, David S. Hungerford, Carmelita G. Frondoza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Metal alloys are used as prosthetic components in the orthopaedic and dental field. However, there is growing concern over the reported leaching of metal ions from implants. Ions released from metals have been thought to be associated with local immune dysfunction, inflammation, and tissue cell death. The objective of our study was to investigate whether nickel(II) and vanadium(V), present at a smaller percentage in most alloys, are cytotoxic to T-lymphocyte cell models. Jurkat T cells possess characteristics similar to human T-lymphocytes and proliferate at a faster rate. Jurkat T cells were incubated with control media alone or with concentrations of 1, 10, and 100 μg/mL of Ni(II) or V(V) for 24 h. Both types of metal ions reduced cell viability and proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. Ni(II) at 10 μg/mL and V(V) at 100 μg/mL activated Caspase-3 expression. Hoechst 33258 staining and transmission electron microscopy revealed chromatin condensation, as well as nuclear blebbing and fragmentation. Induction of DNA fragmentation by Ni(11) at 100 μg/mL was also indicated by agarose electrophoresis. Our observations indicate that Ni and V ions kill T cells via apoptotic and nonapoptotic pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)512-521
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
Volume79
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006

Fingerprint

Vanadium
T-cells
Cell death
Nickel
Metal ions
Apoptosis
Metals
Ions
Bisbenzimidazole
Orthopedics
Prosthetics
Electrophoresis
Caspase 3
Sepharose
Leaching
Chromatin
Condensation
DNA
Cells
Tissue

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Cell death
  • Lymphocytes
  • Metal ions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomaterials

Cite this

Au, A., Ha, J., Hernandez, M., Polotsky, A., Hungerford, D. S., & Frondoza, C. G. (2006). Nickel and vanadium metal ions induce apoptosis of T-lymphocyte Jurkat cells. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A, 79(3), 512-521. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbm.a.30811

Nickel and vanadium metal ions induce apoptosis of T-lymphocyte Jurkat cells. / Au, Angela; Ha, Jinny; Hernandez, Mauro; Polotsky, Anna; Hungerford, David S.; Frondoza, Carmelita G.

In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A, Vol. 79, No. 3, 01.12.2006, p. 512-521.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Au, A, Ha, J, Hernandez, M, Polotsky, A, Hungerford, DS & Frondoza, CG 2006, 'Nickel and vanadium metal ions induce apoptosis of T-lymphocyte Jurkat cells', Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A, vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 512-521. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbm.a.30811
Au, Angela ; Ha, Jinny ; Hernandez, Mauro ; Polotsky, Anna ; Hungerford, David S. ; Frondoza, Carmelita G. / Nickel and vanadium metal ions induce apoptosis of T-lymphocyte Jurkat cells. In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A. 2006 ; Vol. 79, No. 3. pp. 512-521.
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