Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) has multiple functions including inhibition of apoptosis and promotion of cell proliferation. In this study, we show that Na+/H+ exchanger regulatory factor 2 (NHERF2) binds to the carboxyl-terminal PDZ domain-binding motif of the PDGF receptor through a PDZ domain-mediated interaction, and evaluate the consequence on PDGF-induced proliferation. Stable transfection with NHERF2 increased the PDGF-induced phosphorylation of ERK and Akt in Rat1 embryonic fibroblasts. The phosphorylation of Akt was blocked by pretreatment with LY294002, a PI-3-kinase inhibitor, in both Rat1/NHERF2 and Rat1/vector cells. In Rat1/vector cells, PDGF-induced phosphorylation of ERK was completely inhibited by pretreatment with PD98059, a MEK inhibitor. In contrast, the NHERF2-dependent increase of ERK phosphorylation was not affected by pretreatment with PD98059 in Rat1/NHERF2 cells. Thus, the NHERF2-dependent increase of ERK phosphorylation occurs in a MEK-independent fashion. Pretreatment with PP2, a specific inhibitor of Src family tyrosine kinase, completely blocked the NHERF2-dependent increase of the phosphorylation of ERK and Akt, suggesting that NHERF2 up-regulates Erk phosphorylation through a Src family kinase-dependent pathway. Consistent with these results, the PDGF-induced thymidine incorporation was increased in Rat1/NHERF2 cells, and the NHERF2-dependent increase of thymidine incorporation was prevented by treatment with LY294002 and PP2 but not with PD98059. These results suggest that NHERF2 stimulates PDGF-induced proliferation by increasing PI-3-kinase/Akt, MEKindependent ERK, and Src family kinase-mediated signaling pathways.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology