NF-κB signaling regulates the formation of proliferating Müller glia-derived progenitor cells in the avian retina

Isabella Palazzo, Kyle Deistler, Thanh V. Hoang, Seth Blackshaw, Andy J. Fischer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Retinal regeneration is robust in some cold-blooded vertebrates, but this process is ineffective in warm-blooded vertebrates. Understanding the mechanisms that suppress the reprogramming of Müller glia into neurogenic progenitors is key to harnessing the regenerative potential of the retina. Inflammation and reactive microglia are known to influence the formation of Müller glia-derived progenitor cells (MGPCs), but the mechanisms underlying this interaction are unknown. We used a chick in vivo model to investigate nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling, a critical regulator of inflammation, during the reprogramming of Müller glia into proliferating progenitors. We find that components of the NF-κB pathway are dynamically regulated by Müller glia after neuronal damage or treatment with growth factors. Inhibition of NF-κB enhances, whereas activation suppresses, the formation of proliferating MGPCs. Following microglia ablation, the effects of NF-κB-agonists on MGPC-formation are reversed, suggesting that signals provided by reactive microglia influence how NF-κB impacts Müller glia reprogramming. We propose that NF-κB is an important signaling 'hub' that suppresses the reprogramming of Müller glia into proliferating MGPCs and this 'hub' coordinates signals provided by reactive microglia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number183418
JournalDevelopment (Cambridge)
Volume147
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Glia
  • Müller glia
  • NF-κB
  • Regeneration
  • Retina

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology

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