NF-κB Regulates Intestinal Epithelial Cell and Bile Salt-Induced Migration after Injury

Eric D. Strauch, Barbara L. Bass, Jaladanki N. Rao, Jennifer A. Vann, Jian Ying Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To determine if NF-κB regulates intestinal epithelial cell migration and if it has a role during bile salt-induced migration. Summary Background Data: Mucosal restitution is an important repair modality in the gastrointestinal tract. The authors have shown that taurodeoxycholate (TDCA) increases intestinal epithelial cell migration. NF-κB regulates activation of a number of genes involved in inflammatory responses. Methods: Studies were conducted in IEC-6 cells. IκB protein expression was determined by Western blot analysis. Sequence-specific NF-κB binding activity was measured by EMSA shift assays and nuclear localization by immunohistochemistry. Cell migration was examined by using an in vitro model that mimics the early cell division-independent stages of epithelial restitution. Results: The process of cell migration over the wounded area was associated with a significant increase in NF-κB binding activity in IEC-6 cells. Immunohistochemistry revealed translocation of NF-κB into the nucleus. Western blot analysis showed that injury decreased IκB protein expression, inhibition of the binding activity by treatment with a specific NF-κB inhibitor, MG-132, inhibited cell migration during restitution. Further, exposure to TDCA at the physiologic concentration that induces intestinal epithelial cell migration increased NF-κB binding activity, induced NF-κB translocation into the nucleus, and decreased IκB protein expression. MG-132 also inhibits bile salt-induced cell migration. Conclusions: NF-κB regulates intestinal epithelial cell migration. Bile salts at physiologic concentrations increase cell migration by activation of NF-κB. These data show that oile salts may have a role in the maintenance of intestinal mucosal integrity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)494-501
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Surgery
Volume237
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2003
Externally publishedYes

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Bile Acids and Salts
Cell Movement
Epithelial Cells
Wounds and Injuries
Taurodeoxycholic Acid
Western Blotting
Immunohistochemistry
Proteins
Cell Division
Gastrointestinal Tract
Salts
Maintenance
Genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

NF-κB Regulates Intestinal Epithelial Cell and Bile Salt-Induced Migration after Injury. / Strauch, Eric D.; Bass, Barbara L.; Rao, Jaladanki N.; Vann, Jennifer A.; Wang, Jian Ying.

In: Annals of Surgery, Vol. 237, No. 4, 04.2003, p. 494-501.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Strauch, Eric D. ; Bass, Barbara L. ; Rao, Jaladanki N. ; Vann, Jennifer A. ; Wang, Jian Ying. / NF-κB Regulates Intestinal Epithelial Cell and Bile Salt-Induced Migration after Injury. In: Annals of Surgery. 2003 ; Vol. 237, No. 4. pp. 494-501.
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