Next-Generation Approaches for the Treatment of Food Allergy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Purpose of Review: IgE-mediated food allergies are an increasing health concern, and current management includes food avoidance and use of emergency medications. Effective treatment of food allergy is highly desirable. Next generation approaches for the treatment of food allergy aim to improve both safety and efficacy, potentially including long-term tolerance. Recent Findings: Oral immunotherapy (OIT) and epicutaneous immunotherapy (EPIT) will likely be integrated into clinical practice as part of food allergy management in the near future. Newer approaches, such as sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT), modified proteins, lysosomal-associated membrane protein DNA (LAMP DNA) vaccines, and the use of immunomodulatory agents, are early in development and depending on results, could also become important treatment options. Summary: This is a review of novel approaches to the treatment of food allergy that are currently under investigation, including the use of SLIT, modified proteins, probiotics, Chinese herbal supplements, biologic therapies, and DNA vaccines, as well as a summary of the current status of OIT and EPIT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5
JournalCurrent allergy and asthma reports
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Biologic therapy
  • DNA vaccine
  • Food allergy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Modified proteins
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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