New understanding of nonconvulsive status epilepticus in adults: Treatments and challenges

José L. Fernández-Torre, Peter W. Kaplan, Miguel A. Hernández-Hernández

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) in adults represents a constellation of conditions producing ongoing ictal impairment with myriad clinical presentations. These may vary from minimal obtundation, to psychosis to coma for which electroencephalography is essential to diagnosis. Treatment is highly variable and is tailored to the level of consciousness, probable outcome and underlying etiology. There is a new and emerging understanding of the nature of NCSE, its classification and the challenges in treatment. The aim of this article is to review the classic and most recent literature on NCSE in adults focusing attention on the clinical settings in which NCSE frequently occurs, in order to improve awareness of the issues involved in electroclinical diagnosis, treatment and prognostication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1455-1473
Number of pages19
JournalExpert review of neurotherapeutics
Volume15
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • Nonconvulsive status epilepticus
  • absence status epilepticus
  • complex partial status epilepticus
  • critically ill patients
  • electroencephalogram
  • subtle status epilepticus
  • super-refractory status epilepticus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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