Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a multi-system disorder resulting from mutations in either the TSC1 or TSC2 genes leading to hyperactivation of mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling. TSC is commonly associated with autism (61%), intellectual disability (45%), and behavioral, psychiatric, intellectual, academic, neuropsychological, and psychosocial difficulties that are collectively referred to as TSC-associated neuropsychiatric disorders (TAND). More than 90% of children with TSC have epilepsy, including infantile spasms, and early onset of seizures, especially infantile spasms, is associated with greater impairment in intellectual development compared with individuals with TSC without seizures. Development of the mTOR inhibitors everolimus and sirolimus has led to considerable progress in the treatment of renal angiomyolipomata, pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis, and subependymal giant cell astrocytomas in the brain. However, similar therapeutic progress is needed in the treatment of TAND.
- Neuropsychiatric disorder
- Tuberous sclerosis complex
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)