New data on the use of lithium, divalproate, and lamotrigine in rapid cycling bipolar disorder

J. R. Calabrese, D. J. Rapport, E. A. Youngstrom, K. Jackson, S. Bilali, R. L. Findling

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

Abstract

The rapid cycling variant of bipolar disorder is defined as the occurrence of four periods of either manic or depressive illness within 12 months. Patients suffering from this variant of bipolar disorder have an unmet need for effective treatment. This review examines two major studies in an attempt to update understanding of the current therapies available to treat rapid cycling patients. The first trial compares lamotrigine versus placebo in 182 patients studied for 6 months. The second is a recently completed, 20-month trial comparing divalproate and lithium in 60 patients. Both trials had a double-blind, randomized parallel-group design. The data from the latter study indicate that there are no large differences in efficacy between lithium and divalproate in the long-term treatment of rapid cycling bipolar disorder. In addition, lamotrigine has the potential to complement the spectrum of lithium and divalproate through its greater efficacy for depressive symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-95
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Psychiatry
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bipolar disorder
  • Depression
  • Divalproate
  • Lamotrigine
  • Lithium
  • Rapid cycling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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