Stem cell transplantation has been successfully used to treat a wide variety of hematologic malignancies. New and exciting strategies being developed for use in conjunction with transplant will be useful in overcoming tumor resistance. It is now clear that a significant part of the antitumor effect of allogeneic stem cell transplantation is derived from the graft itself and is independent of the preparative regimen. Immune therapy derived from the donor's graft is uniquely suited for killing chemoresistant tumor cells and may prove to be an invaluable tool for decreasing the risk of relapse in patients with advanced disease. Among patients who have relapsed after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT), an immunologically based antitumor effect may be obtained simply by transfusing T cells obtained by leukopheresis of the original bone marrow donor. Referred to as donor leukocyte infusion (DLI), this technique has been used to obtain complete remissions in relapsed acute myeloid leukemia (AML), acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), multiple myeloma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Another approach that uses the donor's graft to obtain a potent antitumor effect is the combination of nonmyeloablative BMT followed by immunotherapy with DLI. Numerous investigators are exploring ways of combining autologous BMT with immune therapy. Animal studies using tumor vaccines in conjunction with autologous transplantation offer a promising method for eliminating tumor. Patients undergoing autologous transplantation may have marrow that has been contaminated with tumor, which places them at a higher risk of relapse. Attempts have been made to eliminate contaminating tumor from the marrow by purging. Copyright (C) 2000 by W.B. Saunders Company.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Seminars in oncology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2000|
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