New advances regarding adaptation of the vestibulo-ocular reflex

Michael C. Schubert, Americo A. Migliaccio

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

This is a review summarizing the devel-opment of vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) adaptation behavior with relevance to rehabilitation over the last 10 years and examines VOR adaptation using head-on-body rotations, specifically the influence of training target contrast, position and velocity error signal, active vs. passive head rotations, and sinusoidal vs. head impulse rotations. This review discusses optimization of the single VOR adaptation training session, consolidation between repeated training sessions, and dynamic incremental VOR adaptation. Also considered are the effects of aging and the roles of the efferent vestibular system, cerebellum, and otoliths on angular VOR adaptation. Finally, this review examines VOR adaptation findings in studies using whole body rotations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)644-658
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of neurophysiology
Volume122
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2019

Keywords

  • Active head rotation
  • Cerebellar learning
  • Head impulse
  • Incremental VOR adaptation
  • VOR adaptation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology

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