Neurosarcoidosis and Ocular Inflammation: A Case Series and Literature Review

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe the ocular findings of neurosarcoidosis (NS) through a case series and review the current literature on the ocular complications of NS. METHODS: Case series of 4 patients with a literature review. RESULTS: Ophthalmic involvement in NS includes scleritis, cranial nerve palsies, uveitis, optic nerve granulomas, and occlusive retinal vasculitis. CONCLUSION: NS is an uncommon, but potentially life-threatening, manifestation of sarcoidosis with ocular involvement up to 25% of patients. Patients presenting with neuro-ophthalmic manifestations of sarcoidosis are more likely to have other sites of involvement requiring ophthalmologists to maintain a high index of suspicion for systemic disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e259-e266
JournalJournal of neuro-ophthalmology : the official journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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