Neuropsychological manifestations of the genetic mutation for Huntington's disease in presymptomatic individuals

J. Brandt, B. Shpritz, A. M. Codori, R. Margolis, A. Rosenbalt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A triplet repeat (CAG) expansion mutation in the huntingtin gene on chromosome 4 is responsible for Huntington's disease (HD). Presymptomatic genetic testing for this mutation has identified clinically normal persons who are virtually certain to develop this dementing illness if they live a normal lifespan. The present study sought to determine whether these "mutation-positive" persons have impairments in cognitive functioning. Seventy-five mutation-positive persons did not differ from 128 mutation-negative persons on tests selected for their sensitivity to early-stage HD. Interestingly, however, those with the mutation viewed themselves as more likely to develop HD than did those without the mutation. Among mutation-positive subjects, having a longer CAG repeat mutation was likewise not associated with cognitive impairment. However, being closer to estimated disease onset (a product of repeat length and parent's age at onset) was associated with selected cognitive impairments. When viewed in light of previous studies showing atrophy of the caudate nucleus and putamen in mutation-carriers who are close to onset but not those far from onset, these results suggest that subtle changes in brain and behavior may be detected shortly before subjects with the HD mutation develop sufficient signs and symptoms for diagnosis. Conceptual and methodological problems associated with the search for presymptomatic cognitive and behavioral indicators of dementing illness are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)918-924
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the International Neuropsychological Society
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2002

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Keywords

  • Basal ganglia
  • Genetic testing
  • Huntington's disease
  • Presymptomatic dementia
  • Striatum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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