Neuroprosthetic limb control with electrocorticography: Approaches and challenges

Nitish V. Thakor, Matthew S. Fifer, Guy Hotson, Heather L. Benz, Geoffrey I. Newman, Griffin W. Milsap, Nathan E. Crone

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Advanced upper limb prosthetics, such as the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Lab Modular Prosthetic Limb (MPL), are now available for research and preliminary clinical applications. Research attention has shifted to developing means of controlling these prostheses. Penetrating microelectrode arrays are often used in animal and human models to decode action potentials for cortical control. These arrays may suffer signal loss over the long-term and therefore should not be the only implant type investigated for chronic BMI use. Electrocorticographic (ECoG) signals from electrodes on the cortical surface may provide more stable long-term recordings. Several studies have demonstrated ECoG's potential for decoding cortical activity. As a result, clinical studies are investigating ECoG encoding of limb movement, as well as its use for interfacing with and controlling advanced prosthetic arms. This overview presents the technical state of the art in the use of ECoG in controlling prostheses. Technical limitations of the current approach and future directions are also presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages5212-5215
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781424479290
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2014
Event2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014 - Chicago, United States
Duration: Aug 26 2014Aug 30 2014

Publication series

Name2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014

Other

Other2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014
CountryUnited States
CityChicago
Period8/26/148/30/14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Medicine(all)

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