Neuronal brain-region-specific DNA methylation and chromatin accessibility are associated with neuropsychiatric trait heritability

Lindsay F. Rizzardi, Peter F. Hickey, Varenka Rodriguez DiBlasi, Rakel Tryggvadóttir, Colin M. Callahan, Adrian Idrizi, Kasper D. Hansen, Andrew P. Feinberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Epigenetic modifications confer stable transcriptional patterns in the brain, and both normal and abnormal brain function involve specialized brain regions. We examined DNA methylation by whole-genome bisulfite sequencing in neuronal and non-neuronal populations from four brain regions (anterior cingulate gyrus, hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, and nucleus accumbens) as well as chromatin accessibility in the latter two. We find pronounced differences in both CpG and non-CpG methylation (CG-DMRs and CH-DMRs) only in neuronal cells across brain regions. Neuronal CH-DMRs were highly associated with differential gene expression, whereas CG-DMRs were consistent with chromatin accessibility and enriched for regulatory regions. These CG-DMRs comprise ~12 Mb of the genome that is highly enriched for genomic regions associated with heritability of neuropsychiatric traits including addictive behavior, schizophrenia, and neuroticism, thus suggesting a mechanistic link between pathology and differential neuron-specific epigenetic regulation in distinct brain regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-316
Number of pages10
JournalNature neuroscience
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Neuronal brain-region-specific DNA methylation and chromatin accessibility are associated with neuropsychiatric trait heritability'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this