Neuromodulation in Post-stroke Aphasia Treatment

Bonnie L. Breining, Rajani Sebastian

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of Review: This paper aims to review non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) methods to augment speech and language therapy (SLT) for patients with post-stroke aphasia. Recent Findings: In the past 5 years, there have been more than 30 published studies assessing the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) for improving aphasia in people who have had a stroke. Different approaches to NIBS treatment have been used in post-stroke aphasia treatment including different stimulation locations, stimulation intensity, number of treatment sessions, outcome measures, type of aphasia treatment, and time post-stroke. Summary: This review of NIBS for post-stroke aphasia shows that both tDCS and TMS can be beneficial for improving speech and language outcomes for patients with stroke. Prior to translating NIBS to clinical practice, further studies are needed to determine optimal tDCS and TMS parameters as well as the mechanisms underlying tDCS and TMS treatment outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-56
Number of pages13
JournalCurrent Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2020

Keywords

  • Aphasia
  • NIBS
  • SLT
  • rTMS
  • tDCS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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