Neurometabolic roles of ApoE and Ldl-R in mouse brain

Jieun Lee, Joseph Choi, G. William Wong, Michael J. Wolfgang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Polymorphisms in ApoE are highly correlated with the progression of neurodegenerative disease, in particular Alzheimer’s disease. Little is known, however, about the role of ApoE or cholesterol metabolism on brain neurochemistry in general. To better understand the role of lipoprotein and cholesterol metabolism in the brain, we profiled 6 and 12-week old Apoe KO and Ldlr KO mouse models via unbiased metabolomics to determine which metabolites were affected at an early age to identify those that may play a role in triggering pathology later in life. Steady-state metabolomics revealed only subtle differences among Apoe KO, Ldlr KO and WT mouse brains. Ldlr KO mice exhibited alterations in metabolites involved in neurotransmitter, amino acid and cholesterol metabolism. In contrast, Apoe KO mice only showed subtle changes in amino acid and neurotransmitter metabolism. These subtle changes in a broad range of metabolites indicate that ApoE and Ldl-R alone may not play a significant role in these mouse models at an early age, but instead require the cumulative effect from different pathways that lead to dysfunction at a much later stage of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-21
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • Alzheimer’s Disease
  • Apolipoprotein E
  • Carntine palmitoyltransferase
  • Low density lipoprotein receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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