The average age of patients undergoing cardiac surgery and the number of comorbidities they possess will continue to increase as surgical technology advances. Toxic/metabolic encephalopathy, hemispheric strokes, hypoxic injury, and peripheral nerve lesions all can occur as a result of cardiac surgery. Therefore, an understanding of the neurologic risk, recognizable syndromes, and preventative measures will continue to be important. Careful preoperative assessment, operative risk factor reduction, and careful postoperative assessments and management may reduce the neurologic risk for cardiac surgery. Copyright (C) 2000 by W.B. Saunders Company.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine