Alpha adrenergic receptor sites in mammalian brain tissue can be labeled by the binding of [3H]WB-4101 (2-([2′,6′-dimethoxy] phenoxyethylamino) methyl benzodioxan), a potent α-adrenergic antagonist. Numerous neuroleptic drugs of phenothiazine, butyrophenone and thioxanthene classes are potent in competing for [3H]WB-4101 binding, with affinities resembling those of classic α-antagonists such as phentolamine and phenoxybenzamine. The potencies of neuroleptics in competing for WB-4101 binding sites correlate closely with their potencies in antagonizing norepinephrine and epinephrine induced lethality in rats, confirming that affinity for WB-4101 binding sites predicts α-receptor antagonism in vivo. The relative affinities of neuroleptics for WB-4101 binding sites and for dopamine receptors as labeled by [3H]haloperidol provides an index of the relative propensities of these drugs for eliciting autonomic side effects such as orthostatic hypotension and sedation.
- Alpha receptor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience