Neurocognitive skills moderate urban male adolescents' responses to preventive intervention materials

Diana H. Fishbein, Christopher Hyde, Diana Eldreth, Mallie J. Paschall, Robert Hubal, Abhik Das, Ralph Tarter, Nick Ialongo, Scott Hubbard, Betty Yung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The present experiment was designed to determine whether individual variation in neurobiological mechanisms associated with substance abuse risk moderated effects of a brief preventive intervention on social competency skills. This study was conducted in collaboration with the ongoing preventive intervention study at Johns Hopkins University Prevention Intervention Research Center (JHU PIRC) within the Baltimore City Public Schools. A subsample (N = 120) of male 9th grade students was recruited from the larger JHU study population. Approximately half of the participants had a current or lifetime diagnosis of CD while the other half had no diagnosis of CD or other reported problem behaviors. Measures of executive cognitive function (ECF), emotional perception and intelligence were administered. In a later session, participants were randomly assigned to either an experimental or control group. The experimental group underwent a facilitated session using excerpted materials from a model preventive intervention, Positive Adolescent Choices Training (PACT), and controls received no intervention. Outcomes (i.e., social competency skills) were assessed using virtual reality vignettes involving behavioral choices as well as three social cognition questionnaires. Poor cognitive and emotional performance and a diagnosis of CD predicted less favorable change in social competency skills in response to the prevention curriculum. This study provides evidence for the moderating effects of neurocognitive and emotional regulatory functions on ability of urban male youth to respond to preventive intervention materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-60
Number of pages14
JournalDrug and alcohol dependence
Volume82
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2006

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Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Drug abuse
  • Emotional regulation
  • Intervention
  • Neurocognitive
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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