Neurochemical organization of the first visual synapse

Noga Vardi, Anuradha Dhingra, Lingli Zhang, Arkady Lyubarsky, Tian Li Wang, Katsuko Morigiwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


The retina employs two main synaptic relays in which information converges to higher order cells, and at the same time is modified by lateral inhibitory interneurons. At the first synaptic layer, rod and cone terminals contact second order neurons (horizontal and bipolar cells), and in turn, horizontal cells contact cones and bipolar cells. In this talk/review we describe the structures and the neurochemicals involved in transmitting the visual signal at this synaptic complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-164
Number of pages11
JournalKeio Journal of Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Cone synapse
  • ERG
  • G-protein
  • Knockout mouse
  • mGlur6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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