Neonatal stroke presents with seizures and results in neurologic morbidity, including epilepsy, hemiparesis, and cognitive deficits. Stem cell-based therapy offers a possible therapeutic strategy for neonatal stroke. We developed an immature mouse model of stroke with acute seizures and ischemic brain injury. Postnatal day 12 CD1 mice received right-sided carotid ligation. Two or 7 days after ligation, mice received an intrastriatal injection of B5 embryonic stem cell-derived neural stem cells. Four weeks after ligation, hemispheric brain atrophy was measured. Pups receiving stem cells 2 days after ligation had less severe hemispheric brain atrophy compared with either noninjected or vehicle-injected ligated controls. Transplanted cells survived, but 3 out of 10 pups injected with stem cells developed local tumors. No difference in hemispheric brain atrophy was seen in mice injected with stem cells 7 days after ligation. Neural stem cells have the potential to ameliorate ischemic injury in the immature brain, although tumor development is a serious concern.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Feb 2008|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental Neuroscience
- Clinical Neurology