Neoplasms following childhood radium irradiation of the nasopharynx

D. P. Sandler, G. W. Comstock, G. M. Matanoski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Eighteen to 35 years after admission to a clinic for the prevention of deafness, no increased overall cancer risk could be detected among 904 persons who had been treated with nasopharyngeal radium irradiation when compared with the risk among 2,021 persons who were either treated surgically or not treated at all, although there were differences at specific sites. An increased risk of developing both benign and malignant head and neck tumors was found among irradiated persons. Whereas no one head and neck site showed a statistically significant excess, a slight excess of brain cancer occurred 15-20 years after radium treatment. No increase in thyroid cancer risk was observed, a result possibly attributable to the low radiation doses to this organ and the relatively small population irradiated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-8
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the National Cancer Institute
Volume68
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1982
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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