Neonatal encephalopathy is caused by a diverse group of acquired and genetic disorders. Geographic location and level of medical care appear to affect the distribution of etiologies: less than 30% of cases are associated with intrapartum hypoxia in advanced countries such as Australia while more than half have been linked to intrapartum events in less advanced regions. A combination of EEG and brain imaging, especially MRI, is useful for establishing a diagnosis and prognosis. Specific therapies are available for some causes of encephalopathy, and anticonvulsants should be administered to treat seizures although their neuroprotective effects have not been established.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Treatment of Pediatric Neurologic Disorders|
|Number of pages||5|
|ISBN (Print)||0824726936, 9780824726935|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas