Neoadjuvant chemoradiation followed by surgery for resectable esophageal cancer.

R. F. Heitmiller, A. A. Forastiere, L. Kleinberg, M. Zahurak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Neoadjuvant chemoradiation (NAC) therapy protocols were developed to improve survival in patients with resectable esophageal cancer. Our experience with two consecutive NAC therapy trials is reviewed. Both studies included patients with localized squamous cell cancer and adenocarcinoma. Patients were treated with cisplatinum 26 mg/m2/day (days 1-5 and 26-30), 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) 300 mg/m2/day (days 1-30), concurrent radiotherapy (4400 cGy) followed by esophagectomy. In the second trial, adjuvant taxol was added. The first protocol had 50 patients. Two patients died, both before surgery, one from sepsis. There was no residual viable tumor (CR) in 19 (40%) patients. The median survival time was 31 months. The 5-year survival rate of 36% compared favorably with concurrent 5-year survival of 18% for surgery alone. Forty-one patients were enrolled in the second trial. All underwent surgery. There were no treatment or operative deaths. Survival data for this group is maturing. Combined results from both protocols are: treatment mortality of 2.2%, complete response rate of 37%, and a median and 3-year disease-specific survival of 42 months and 54%, respectively. We conclude that NAC followed by surgery improves survival over surgery alone and that CR is predictive of improved survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)97-104
Number of pages8
JournalRecent results in cancer research. Fortschritte der Krebsforschung. Progrès dans les recherches sur le cancer
Volume155
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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