We examined neighborhood socioeconomic status (NSES) in relation to depressive symptoms, perceived stress, and hostility in 5770 community-dwelling older black and white adults (mean age=73 years; 62% female) from 3 contiguous neighborhoods covering 82 census block groups in Chicago, IL. NSES was an average of z-scores of four Census 2000 block-group variables: % public assistance, % households earning <25,000 annually, % with >college degree, and % owner-occupied dwellings valued >200,000. NSES was inversely related to hostility (beta=-0.305), stress (beta=-0.333), and depressive symptoms (beta=-0.223) (p<0.001) in multi-level mixed-effects regression models adjusted for age, sex, race, and the number of years in the neighborhood. With further adjustment for education, income, marital status, and health conditions, NSES remained associated with depressive symptoms (beta=-0.078) and hostility (beta=-0.133) (p<0.05); the association with hostility was strongest in non-black neighborhoods. Neighborhood social conditions contribute to the psychosocial well-being of older residents; research is needed to investigate pathways through which neighborhoods influence health outcomes in an aging population.
- Multi-level models
- Psychosocial factors
- Socioeconomic status
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health(social science)
- Sociology and Political Science
- Life-span and Life-course Studies