Neighborhood contexts and the mediating role of neighborhood social cohesion on health and psychological distress among hispanic and non-hispanic residents

Rebeca Rios, Leona S. Aiken, Alex J. Zautra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background Neighborhood social cohesion (NSC) may contribute to understanding how neighborhood contexts influence the physical and mental health of residents. Purpose We examined the relation of NSC to self-rated mental and physical health and evaluated the mediating role of NSC on relations between neighborhood socioeconomic status, ethnic composition, and health. Methods A sample of 3,098 Hispanic and non-Hispanic residents within 597 census tracts in metropolitan Phoenix, Arizona rated their health, psychological distress, and their perceptions of NSC. Census tract estimates provided neighborhood contextual measures. Results Neighborhood social cohesion was significantly related to better physical and mental health. Both individually rated NSC and neighborhood-level NSC mediated relations between neighborhood contexts and health outcomes. Substantive findings were consistent across Hispanic and non-Hispanic residents. Conclusions The findings have implications for improving ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in physical and mental health through attention to social cohesion among neighborhood residents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-61
Number of pages12
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012

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Keywords

  • Ethnic composition
  • Hispanics
  • Multilevel mediation
  • Neighborhood social cohesion
  • Psychological distress
  • Self-rated health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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