Neighborhood Characteristics and Sexual Intimate Partner Violence Against Women Among Low-Income, Drug-Involved New York City Residents: Results From the IMPACT Studies

Victoria Frye, Shannon Blaney, Magdalena Cerdá, David Vlahov, Sandro Galea, Danielle C. Ompad

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We assessed relations among neighborhood characteristics and sexual intimate partner violence against women (SIPVAW), among low-income, drug-involved, women (n = 360) and men (n = 670) in New York City between 2005 and 2009. Six percent of women (n = 22) and 5% of men (n = 33) reported experiencing and perpetrating SIPVAW in the past year with a main partner. In adjusted mixed models among women, neighborhood ethnic heterogeneity was significantly negatively associated with SIPVAW victimization. In adjusted logistic models among men, neighborhood collective efficacy was significantly positively associated with SIPVAW perpetration. Novel theoretical frameworks are needed to guide research on neighborhoods and partner violence.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)799-824
    Number of pages26
    JournalViolence Against Women
    Volume20
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 2014

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    Keywords

    • collective efficacy
    • intimate partner violence
    • multi-level modeling
    • neighborhoods
    • sexual violence social disorganization

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Gender Studies
    • Sociology and Political Science
    • Law

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