Negative venom skin test results in patients with histories of systemic reaction to a sting

David B.K. Golden, James M. Tracy, Theodore M. Freeman, Donald R. Hoffman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations


For more than 20 years venom immunotherapy has been the preferred treatment for Hymenoptera allergy and venom skin testing the preferred diagnostic test. Most allergists consider venom skin tests to be highly accurate and interpret a negative venom skin test result to indicate the absence of insect allergy. Furthermore, current practice guidelines do not adequately address the question of how best to manage the patient with a convincing history of insect allergy but negative skin test results. Recent case reports and published studies have forced us to reexamine this important management issue and to consider what role in vitro venom testing might have in the management of insect allergy. We reviewed the current status of what is known about the management of individuals with a history of insect allergy but negative venom skin test results and suggested modifications of current working guidelines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)495-498
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Anaphylaxis
  • Hymenoptera
  • Insect sting
  • Insect venom
  • RAST
  • Skin test
  • Venom immunotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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