Negative caregiver strategies and psychopathology in urban, African-American young adults

Amy L. Koenig, Nicholas S Ialongo, Barry M. Wagner, Jeanne Poduska, Sheppard Kellam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: There were three aims: (1) assess the prevalence of reported exposure to negative caregiver strategies in a community-based African-American population, (2) examine the sources of variation in caregiver parenting strategies, including demographic variables and child characteristics, (3) investigate whether mental disorders in young adulthood may differ based on reported degree of exposure to negative strategies. Method: The participants were 1197 African-Americans involved in a 1999-2001 young adult follow-up (age M=19.6, SD=.6) of an evaluation of school-based interventions in the Baltimore, MD metropolitan area. Measures included teacher-report of child aggression in first grade, parent-report of demographic variables in first and sixth grade, and young adult self-report of symptomatology, suicidal behaviors, and childhood caregiver discipline strategies. Results: Fifty-four percent of the sample reported some use of physical discipline by caregivers. Lower family income and younger caregiver age, as well as teacher reports of child aggression, were related to reports of caregiver's high use of negative strategies. In addition, young adults who reported a high rate of negative caregiver strategies had a significantly increased risk for psychopathology and were over twice as likely to have experienced a history of suicidal ideation than those reporting low exposure. Conclusions: The results demonstrate the importance of examining variation in this population, with the poorest and the youngest using negative parenting strategies more frequently. In addition, the present study replicated previous findings of the link between negative caregiver discipline strategies and psychopathology. This association appears robust across diverse populations. The implications for preventive interventions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1211-1233
Number of pages23
JournalChild Abuse and Neglect
Volume26
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002

Fingerprint

psychopathology
Psychopathology
African Americans
Caregivers
caregiver
young adult
Young Adult
Parenting
Aggression
aggression
school grade
Demography
Population
Suicidal Ideation
Baltimore
American
family income
teacher
mental disorder
Mental Disorders

Keywords

  • Adult psychopathology
  • Negative caregiver strategies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Law
  • Education
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Negative caregiver strategies and psychopathology in urban, African-American young adults. / Koenig, Amy L.; Ialongo, Nicholas S; Wagner, Barry M.; Poduska, Jeanne; Kellam, Sheppard.

In: Child Abuse and Neglect, Vol. 26, No. 12, 01.12.2002, p. 1211-1233.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Koenig, Amy L. ; Ialongo, Nicholas S ; Wagner, Barry M. ; Poduska, Jeanne ; Kellam, Sheppard. / Negative caregiver strategies and psychopathology in urban, African-American young adults. In: Child Abuse and Neglect. 2002 ; Vol. 26, No. 12. pp. 1211-1233.
@article{2cd162bf1b194c65b257aa60153835da,
title = "Negative caregiver strategies and psychopathology in urban, African-American young adults",
abstract = "Objective: There were three aims: (1) assess the prevalence of reported exposure to negative caregiver strategies in a community-based African-American population, (2) examine the sources of variation in caregiver parenting strategies, including demographic variables and child characteristics, (3) investigate whether mental disorders in young adulthood may differ based on reported degree of exposure to negative strategies. Method: The participants were 1197 African-Americans involved in a 1999-2001 young adult follow-up (age M=19.6, SD=.6) of an evaluation of school-based interventions in the Baltimore, MD metropolitan area. Measures included teacher-report of child aggression in first grade, parent-report of demographic variables in first and sixth grade, and young adult self-report of symptomatology, suicidal behaviors, and childhood caregiver discipline strategies. Results: Fifty-four percent of the sample reported some use of physical discipline by caregivers. Lower family income and younger caregiver age, as well as teacher reports of child aggression, were related to reports of caregiver's high use of negative strategies. In addition, young adults who reported a high rate of negative caregiver strategies had a significantly increased risk for psychopathology and were over twice as likely to have experienced a history of suicidal ideation than those reporting low exposure. Conclusions: The results demonstrate the importance of examining variation in this population, with the poorest and the youngest using negative parenting strategies more frequently. In addition, the present study replicated previous findings of the link between negative caregiver discipline strategies and psychopathology. This association appears robust across diverse populations. The implications for preventive interventions are discussed.",
keywords = "Adult psychopathology, Negative caregiver strategies",
author = "Koenig, {Amy L.} and Ialongo, {Nicholas S} and Wagner, {Barry M.} and Jeanne Poduska and Sheppard Kellam",
year = "2002",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S0145-2134(02)00422-2",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "26",
pages = "1211--1233",
journal = "Child Abuse and Neglect",
issn = "0145-2134",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Negative caregiver strategies and psychopathology in urban, African-American young adults

AU - Koenig, Amy L.

AU - Ialongo, Nicholas S

AU - Wagner, Barry M.

AU - Poduska, Jeanne

AU - Kellam, Sheppard

PY - 2002/12/1

Y1 - 2002/12/1

N2 - Objective: There were three aims: (1) assess the prevalence of reported exposure to negative caregiver strategies in a community-based African-American population, (2) examine the sources of variation in caregiver parenting strategies, including demographic variables and child characteristics, (3) investigate whether mental disorders in young adulthood may differ based on reported degree of exposure to negative strategies. Method: The participants were 1197 African-Americans involved in a 1999-2001 young adult follow-up (age M=19.6, SD=.6) of an evaluation of school-based interventions in the Baltimore, MD metropolitan area. Measures included teacher-report of child aggression in first grade, parent-report of demographic variables in first and sixth grade, and young adult self-report of symptomatology, suicidal behaviors, and childhood caregiver discipline strategies. Results: Fifty-four percent of the sample reported some use of physical discipline by caregivers. Lower family income and younger caregiver age, as well as teacher reports of child aggression, were related to reports of caregiver's high use of negative strategies. In addition, young adults who reported a high rate of negative caregiver strategies had a significantly increased risk for psychopathology and were over twice as likely to have experienced a history of suicidal ideation than those reporting low exposure. Conclusions: The results demonstrate the importance of examining variation in this population, with the poorest and the youngest using negative parenting strategies more frequently. In addition, the present study replicated previous findings of the link between negative caregiver discipline strategies and psychopathology. This association appears robust across diverse populations. The implications for preventive interventions are discussed.

AB - Objective: There were three aims: (1) assess the prevalence of reported exposure to negative caregiver strategies in a community-based African-American population, (2) examine the sources of variation in caregiver parenting strategies, including demographic variables and child characteristics, (3) investigate whether mental disorders in young adulthood may differ based on reported degree of exposure to negative strategies. Method: The participants were 1197 African-Americans involved in a 1999-2001 young adult follow-up (age M=19.6, SD=.6) of an evaluation of school-based interventions in the Baltimore, MD metropolitan area. Measures included teacher-report of child aggression in first grade, parent-report of demographic variables in first and sixth grade, and young adult self-report of symptomatology, suicidal behaviors, and childhood caregiver discipline strategies. Results: Fifty-four percent of the sample reported some use of physical discipline by caregivers. Lower family income and younger caregiver age, as well as teacher reports of child aggression, were related to reports of caregiver's high use of negative strategies. In addition, young adults who reported a high rate of negative caregiver strategies had a significantly increased risk for psychopathology and were over twice as likely to have experienced a history of suicidal ideation than those reporting low exposure. Conclusions: The results demonstrate the importance of examining variation in this population, with the poorest and the youngest using negative parenting strategies more frequently. In addition, the present study replicated previous findings of the link between negative caregiver discipline strategies and psychopathology. This association appears robust across diverse populations. The implications for preventive interventions are discussed.

KW - Adult psychopathology

KW - Negative caregiver strategies

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036896269&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0036896269&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0145-2134(02)00422-2

DO - 10.1016/S0145-2134(02)00422-2

M3 - Article

C2 - 12464297

AN - SCOPUS:0036896269

VL - 26

SP - 1211

EP - 1233

JO - Child Abuse and Neglect

JF - Child Abuse and Neglect

SN - 0145-2134

IS - 12

ER -