Neck Incision Planning for Total Laryngectomy with Pharyngectomy

James H. Clark, Allen L. Feng, Katie Morton, Nishant Agrawal, Jeremy D. Richmon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives To investigate the effect of skin incision location for total laryngectomy with pharyngectomy (TLP) on postoperative outcomes including wound dehiscence and infection rate. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Academic tertiary care center. Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted of all patients undergoing TLP with flap closure at Johns Hopkins Medical Institutes between August 2005 and February 2013. The effects of patient characteristics and skin incision technique on postoperative wound dehiscence and infection were analyzed using cross-tabulations and multivariate regression modeling. Results A total of 49 patients were included in the analysis; 31 received low-neck apron (LNA) incisions with an incorporated tracheostoma, while the remaining 18 had mid-neck apron (MNA) incisions with separate tracheostoma fashioned inferior to their incisions. Of these patients, 17 experienced incisional wound dehiscence (35%), and 18 contracted postoperative infections (37%). Generalized linear regression models demonstrated a significantly increased odds of wound dehiscence for patients with LNA incisions (odds ratio 29.8; 95% CI, 1.4-631.5, P =.029). There were no significant predictive variables for postoperative infection. Conclusions These results demonstrate that the use of a separately fashioned tracheostoma with MNA incision is associated with decreased rate of wound dehiscence in patients undergoing TLP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)650-656
Number of pages7
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
Volume154
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2016

Keywords

  • neck incision
  • surgical incision
  • total laryngectomy
  • total laryngopharyngectomy
  • wound dehiscence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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