Nationally-representative serostudy of dengue in Bangladesh allows generalizable disease burden estimates

Henrik Salje, Kishor Kumar Paul, Repon Paul, Isabel Rodriguez-Barraquer, Ziaur Rahman, Mohammad Shafiul Alam, Mahmadur Rahman, Hasan Mohammad Al-Amin, James Heffelfinger, Emily Gurley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Serostudies are needed to answer generalizable questions on disease risk. However, recruitment is usually biased by age or location. We present a nationally-representative study for dengue from 70 communities in Bangladesh. We collected data on risk factors, trapped mosquitoes and tested serum for IgG. Out of 5866 individuals, 24% had evidence of historic infection, ranging from 3% in the north to >80% in Dhaka. Being male (aOR:1.8, [95%CI:1.5–2.0]) and recent travel (aOR:1.3, [1.1–1.8]) were linked to seropositivity. We estimate that 40 million [34.3–47.2] people have been infected nationally, with 2.4 million ([1.3–4.5]) annual infections. Had we visited only 20 communities, seropositivity estimates would have ranged from 13% to 37%, highlighting the lack of representativeness generated by small numbers of communities. Our findings have implications for both the design of serosurveys and tackling dengue in Bangladesh.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere42869
JournaleLife
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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    Salje, H., Paul, K. K., Paul, R., Rodriguez-Barraquer, I., Rahman, Z., Alam, M. S., Rahman, M., Al-Amin, H. M., Heffelfinger, J., & Gurley, E. (2019). Nationally-representative serostudy of dengue in Bangladesh allows generalizable disease burden estimates. eLife, 8, [e42869]. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.42869