National working conditions surveys in Latin America: Comparison of methodological characteristics

Pamela Merino-Salazar, Lucía Artazcoz, Javier Campos-Serna, David Gimeno, Fernando G. Benavides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: High-quality and comparable data to monitor working conditions and health in Latin America are not currently available. In 2007, multiple Latin American countries started implementing national working conditions surveys. However, little is known about their methodological characteristics. Objective: To identify commonalities and differences in the methodologies of working conditions surveys (WCSs) conducted in Latin America through 2013. Methods: The study critically examined WCSs in Latin America between 2007 and 2013. Sampling design, data collection, and questionnaire content were compared. Results: Two types of surveys were identified: (1) surveys covering the entire working population and administered at the respondent’s home and (2) surveys administered at the workplace. There was considerable overlap in the topics covered by the dimensions of employment and working conditions measured, but less overlap in terms of health outcomes, prevention resources, and activities. Conclusions: Although WCSs from Latin America are similar, there was heterogeneity across surveyed populations and location of the interview. Reducing differences in surveys between countries will increase comparability and allow for a more comprehensive understanding of occupational health in the region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)266-274
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Health information systems
  • Health surveys
  • Latin america
  • Occupational health
  • Occupational risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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