National Trends in the Surgical Management of Urinary Incontinence among Insured Women, 2004 to 2013: The Urologic Diseases in America Project

Urologic Diseases in America Project

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine national trends in the surgical management of urinary incontinence in women in the United States from 2004 to 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the CDM (Optum® de-identified Clinformatics® Data Mart) for women 18 to 64 years old and the CMS (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services) Medicare 5% Sample for women 65 years old or older. We created annual cross-sectional cohorts and assessed trends in the annual prevalence of urinary incontinence related surgical procedures overall and by age, race/ethnicity and geographic region. RESULTS: We observed a decline in the percent of women with urinary incontinence who underwent surgical treatment according to the CMS (from 4.7% in 2004 to 2.7% in 2013) and the CDM (from 12.5% in 2004 to 9.1% in 2013). This trend persisted independently of age, race/ethnicity and geographic region. Slings were the most common procedure but started to decline in 2011, ultimately decreasing by about 50% during the study period. Compared to other groups the prevalence of urinary incontinence related surgical procedures, including slings, was highest among women 35 to 54 years old and White women, and lowest among women residing in the Northeast. These sociodemographic patterns persisted with time. During the study period injection procedures remained stable, sacral neuromodulation increased slightly but remained uncommon and suspension decreased to nearly 0% of all anti-incontinence procedures. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical management of female urinary incontinence experienced several shifts from 2004 to 2013, including a decline in sling procedures. Age, racial/ethnic and regional differences in treatment persisted with time. Improved understanding of the drivers of these trends may help direct future development of treatments of pelvic floor disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)365-371
Number of pages7
JournalThe Journal of urology
Volume203
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020

Keywords

  • epidemiology
  • pelvic floor disorders
  • suburethral slings
  • urinary incontinence
  • women's health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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