National Nurse Readiness for Radiation Emergencies and Nuclear Events

A Systematic Review of the Literature

Tener Goodwin Veenema, Roberta Proffit Lavin, Annah Bender, Clifton P. Thornton, Sarah Schneider-Firestone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Little is known regarding the capacity of U.S. nurses to respond following a large-scale radiation release, despite its relevance to our National Security Strategy. Purpose: To conduct a systematic review of the literature to assess nurse readiness for radiation emergencies and nuclear events. Methods: A systematic review of publications identified through a comprehensive search of four relevant databases (Embase, PubMed/Medline, Scopus, and Web of Science) was conducted (n = 62). Findings: Limited evidence exists to support that nurses are prepared or willing to respond to a large-scale emergency resulting from a radiation release or nuclear-level event. Discussion: History suggests nurses will be expected to perform triage, minimize radiation exposure, decontaminate, manage trauma, treat burns, and coordinate care for patients. Research is needed to identify the specific roles and responsibilities of nurses in radiation emergencies and nuclear response and to ascertain quantitative measurement of the level of national nurse readiness for these large-scale radiation emergency and nuclear events.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNursing Outlook
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

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Emergencies
Nurses
Radiation
Security Measures
Nurse's Role
Triage
Burns
PubMed
Publications
Patient Care
History
Databases
Wounds and Injuries
Research

Keywords

  • Emergency preparedness
  • Nuclear accidents
  • Nuclear war
  • Nursing
  • Radiation
  • Workforce

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

National Nurse Readiness for Radiation Emergencies and Nuclear Events : A Systematic Review of the Literature. / Veenema, Tener Goodwin; Lavin, Roberta Proffit; Bender, Annah; Thornton, Clifton P.; Schneider-Firestone, Sarah.

In: Nursing Outlook, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Veenema, Tener Goodwin ; Lavin, Roberta Proffit ; Bender, Annah ; Thornton, Clifton P. ; Schneider-Firestone, Sarah. / National Nurse Readiness for Radiation Emergencies and Nuclear Events : A Systematic Review of the Literature. In: Nursing Outlook. 2018.
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