National burden of hospitalization due to cutaneous melanoma in adolescents and young adults

Raghav Tripathi, Konrad D. Knusel, Harib H. Ezaldein, Jeremy S. Bordeaux, Jeffrey F. Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives:Although adolescents and young adults (AYA) suffer disproportionately from cutaneous melanoma (CM), little is known regarding the burden of CM leading to hospitalization in AYA. The objective of this study was to elucidate sociodemographic/hospitalization characteristics of AYA CM inpatients, determine which factors lead to the greater length of stay (LOS) and cost of care for AYA CM inpatients, and evaluate trends in the prevalence, LOS, and cost of care for AYA CM hospitalizations.Materials and Methods:A retrospective cohort study of nationally representative data from the 2009 to 2015 National Inpatient Sample. Multivariable survey-weighted logistic regression models were used to determine sociodemographic factors associated with AYA CM hospitalization. Multivariable survey-weighted linear regression models were used to determine characteristics associated with the greater cost of care and LOS in AYA CM inpatients.Results:A total of 8986 AYA CM inpatients were included in this study. The prevalence of AYA CM hospitalizations is decreasing over time while the cost of care is increasing. On average, AYA CM hospitalizations were 3.3 days long and cost $38,018.40. Controlling for all covariates, male sex, older age, non-Hispanic white race, higher income, private insurance, and elective admissions were associated with AYA hospitalization due to CM (P<0.0001). Male sex was associated with longer LOS (P=0.007) and cost of care (P=0.01) among AYA hospitalized for CM.Conclusions:Despite a decreasing prevalence of CM hospitalizations in AYA inpatients, the economic burden of these hospitalizations is increasing. Substantial sex-based differences exist in the inpatient burden of AYA CM. Further research is required to elucidate the causes of these differences and prevent AYA hospitalization due to CM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)830-836
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials
Volume42
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019

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Keywords

  • adolescents
  • epidemiology
  • hospitalization
  • melanoma
  • young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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