Background and objectives Genetic variants in NAT8, a liver-and kidney-specific acetyltransferase encoding gene, have been associated with eGFR and CKD in European populations. Higher circulating levels of two NAT8-associated metabolites, N-d-acetylornithine and N-acetyl-1-methylhistidine, have been linked to lower eGFR and higher risk of incident CKD in the Black population. We aimed to expand upon prior studies to investigate associations between rs13538, a missense variant in NAT8, N-acetylated amino acids, and kidney failure in multiple, well-characterized cohorts. Design, setting, participants, & measurements We conducted analyses among participants with genetic and/or serum metabolomic data in the African American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK; n=962), the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study (n=1050), and BioMe, an electronic health record–linked biorepository (n=680). Separately, we evaluated associations between rs13538, urinary N-acetylated amino acids, and kidney failure in participants in the German CKD (GCKD) study (n=1624). Results Of 31 N-acetylated amino acids evaluated, the circulatingand urinarylevels of 14 were associated withrs13538 (P<0.05/31). Higher circulating levels of five of these N-acetylated amino acids, namely, N-d-acetylornithine, N-acetyl-1-methylhistidine, N-acetyl-3-methylhistidine, N-acetylhistidine, and N2,N5-diacetylornithine, were associated with kidney failure, after adjustment for confounders and combining results in meta-analysis (combined hazard ratios per two-fold higher amino acid levels: 1.48, 1.44, 1.21, 1.65, and 1.41, respectively; 95% confidence intervals: 1.21 to 1.81, 1.22 to 1.70, 1.08 to 1.37, 1.29 to 2.10, and 1.17 to 1.71, respectively; all P values <0.05/14). None of the urinary levels of these N-acetylated amino acids were associated with kidney failure in the GCKD study. Conclusions We demonstrate significant associations between an NAT8 gene variant and 14 N-acetylated amino acids, five of which had circulation levels that were associated with kidney failure.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology|
|State||Published - Jan 2021|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine