We wished to determine if pain relief that resulted from transcutaneous (TNS) or spinal cord electrical stimulation in patients with chronic pain was due to activation of an endogenous opiate-related pain control system. Naloxone (0.4-10 mg) or saline was injected in double-blind fashion intravenously into opiate-naive subjects with chronic pain who achieved 30% or greater pain relief with spinal cord stimulation (4 patients) or TNS (9 patients). Subjects rated their pain during stimulation and 2, 5, 10 and 15 min after the injection. Two days or more later the procedure was repeated using the alternate agent (naloxone or saline). Naloxone did not decrease the pain relief induced by stimulation, and therefore the effects of stimulation are probably not mediated by the endogenous opiates.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine