N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor mechanosensitivity is governed by C terminus of NR2B subunit

Pallab Singh, Shachee Doshi, Jennifer M. Spaethling, Adam J. Hockenberry, Tapan P. Patel, Donna M. Geddes-Klein, David R. Lynch, David F. Meaney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

N-Methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs), critical mediators of both physiologic and pathologic neurological signaling, have previously been shown to be sensitive to mechanical stretch through the loss of its native Mg 2+ block. However, the regulation of this mechanosensitivity has yet to be further explored. Furthermore, as it has become apparent that NMDAR-mediated signaling is dependent on specific NMDAR subtypes, as governed by the identity of the NR2 subunit, a crucial unanswered question is the role of subunit composition in observed NMDAR mechanosensitivity. Here, we used a recombinant system to assess the mechanosensitivity of specific subtypes and demonstrate that the mechanosensitive property is uniquely governed by the NR2B subunit. NR1/NR2B NMDARs displayed significant stretch sensitivity, whereas NR1/NR2A NMDARs did not respond to stretch. Furthermore, NR2B mechanosensitivity was regulated by PKC activity, because PKC inhibition reduced stretch responses in transfected HEK 293 cells and primary cortical neurons. Finally, using NR2B point mutations, we identified a PKC phosphorylation site, Ser-1323 on NR2B, as a unique critical regulator of stretch sensitivity. These data suggest that the selective mechanosensitivity of NR2B can significantly impact neuronal response to traumatic brain injury and illustrate that the mechanical tone of the neuron can be dynamically regulated by PKC activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4348-4359
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume287
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 3 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Singh, P., Doshi, S., Spaethling, J. M., Hockenberry, A. J., Patel, T. P., Geddes-Klein, D. M., Lynch, D. R., & Meaney, D. F. (2012). N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor mechanosensitivity is governed by C terminus of NR2B subunit. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 287(6), 4348-4359. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M111.253740