Excessive glutamate receptor activation is thought to be involved in the retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death after ischemic injury. In this study, we examined the effect of 2-PMPA (2-(phosphonomethyl)pentanedioic acid) on RGC survival in an ischemia-reperfusion model using C57BL/6 mouse eyes. 2-PMPA is a NAALADase (N-acetylated-α-linked-acidic dipeptidase) inhibitor, an enzyme responsible for the hydrolysis of the neuropeptide NAAG (N-acetyl-aspartyl-glutamate) to N-acetyl-aspartate and glutamate. 100mg/kg 2-PMPA were given with intraperitoneal injections 30min before ischemia followed per hour injection for 3h. 2-PMPA increased surviving RGCs as well as retinal thickness after pressure-induced retinal ischemia. In addition, neuroprotection afforded by 2-PMPA was greater than that of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor blocker. These data indicate that NAALADase inhibition may be useful in retinal disorders in which excessive amino acid transmission is pathogenic. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
- 2-(Phosphonomethyl)pentanedioic acid
- N-acetylated-α-linked-acidic dipeptidase inhibitor
- N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor
- Retinal ganglion cells
- Retinal ischemia
ASJC Scopus subject areas