Myristate exchange on the Trypanosoma brucei variant surface glycoprotein

Laurence U. Buxbaum, Kenneth G. Milne, Karl A. Werbovetz, Paul T. Englund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor of the Trypanosoma brucei variant surface glycoprotein (VSG) is unique in having exclusively myristate as its fatty acid component. We previously demonstrated that the myristate specificity is the result of two independent pathways. First, the newly synthesized free GPI, which is not myristoylated, undergoes fatty acid remodeling to replace both its fatty acids with myristate. Second, the myristoylated precursor, glycolipid A, undergoes a myristate exchange reaction, detected by the replacement of unlabeled myristate by [3H]myristate. Remodeling and exchange have different enzymatic properties and apparently occur in different subcellular compartments. We now demonstrate that the GPI anchor linked to VSG is the major substrate for myristate exchange. VSG can be efficiently labeled with [3H]myristate by exchange in the presence of cycloheximide, an inhibitor that prevents new VSG synthesis and thus anchor addition to protein. Not only is newly synthesized VSG subject to exchange, but mature VSG, possibly recycling from the cell surface, also undergoes myristate exchange.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1178-1183
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume93
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 6 1996

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • General

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