Proton MR spectroscopy (1H-MRS) has been used for in vivo quantification of intracellular triglycerides within the sarcolemma. The purpose of this study was to assess whether breath-hold dual-echo in- and out-of-phase MRI at 3.0 T can quantify the fat content of the myocardium. Biases, including T1, Tz.ast;2, and noise, that confound the calculation of the fat fraction were carefully corrected. Thirty-four of 46 participants had both MRI and MRS data. The fat fractions from MRI showed a strong correlation with fat fractions from MRS (r = 0.78; P < 0.05). The mean myocardial fat fraction for all 34 subjects was 0.7 ± 0.5% (range: 0.11-3%) assessed with MRS and 1.04 ± 0.4% (range: 0.32-2.44%) assessed with in- and out-of-phase MRI (P < 0.05). Scanning times were less than 15 sec for Dixon imaging, plus an additional minute for the acquisition used for Tz.ast;2 calculation, and 15-20 min for MRS. The average postprocessing time for MRS was 3 min and 5 min for MRI including T z.ast;2 measurement. We conclude that the dual echo method provides a rapid means to detect and quantifying myocardial fat content in vivo. Correction/adjustment for field inhomogeneity using three or more echoes seems crucial for the dual echo approach.
- Cardiac steatosis
- Magnetic resonance imaging
- Water-fat separation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging