MYD88 L265P mutation and CDKN2A loss are early mutational events in primary central nervous system diffuse large B-cell lymphomas

Naema Nayyar, Michael D. White, Corey M. Gill, Matthew Lastrapes, Mia Bertalan, Alexander Kaplan, Megan R. D’Andrea, Ivanna Bihun, Andrew Kaneb, Jorg Dietrich, Judith A. Ferry, Maria Martinez-Lage, Anita Giobbie-Hurder, Darrell R. Borger, Fausto J. Rodriguez, Matthew P. Frosch, Emily Batchelor, Kaitlin Hoang, Benjamin Kuter, Sarah FortinMatthias Holdhoff, Daniel P. Cahill, Scott Carter, Priscilla K. Brastianos, Tracy T. Batchelor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The genetic alterations that define primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) are incompletely elucidated, and the genomic evolution from diagnosis to relapse is poorly understood. We performed whole-exome sequencing (WES) on 36 PCNSL patients and targeted MYD88 sequencing on a validation cohort of 27 PCNSL patients. We also performed WES and phylogenetic analysis of 3 matched newly diagnosed and relapsed tumor specimens and 1 synchronous intracranial and extracranial relapse. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) for programmed death-1 ligand (PD-L1) was performed on 43 patient specimens. Combined WES and targeted sequencing identified MYD88 mutation in 67% (42 of 63) of patients, CDKN2A biallelic loss in 44% (16 of 36), and CD79b mutation in 61% (22 of 36). Copy-number analysis demonstrated frequent regions of copy loss (ie, CDKN2A), with few areas of amplification. CD79b mutations were associated with improved progression-free and overall survival. We did not identify amplification at the PD-1/PD-L1 loci. IHC for PD-L1 revealed membranous expression in 30% (13 of 43) of specimens. Phylogenetic analysis of paired primary and relapsed specimens identified MYD88 mutation and CDKN2A loss as early clonal events. PCNSL is characterized by frequent mutations within the B-cell receptor and NF-kB pathways. The lack of PD-L1 amplifications, along with membranous PD-L1 expression in 30% of our cohort, suggests that PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors may be useful in a subset of PCNSL. WES of PCNSL provides insight into the genomic landscape and evolution of this rare lymphoma subtype and potentially informs more rational treatment decisions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)375-383
Number of pages9
JournalBlood Advances
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 12 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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