Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a frequent cause of upper and lower respiratory tract infections in pediatric patients. Pneumonia caused by M pneumoniae is recognizable in the school-aged child, adolescent, and young adult as the atypical pneumonia syndrome. Extrapulmonary manifestations of disease associated with M pneumoniae include exanthem/enanthem, hemolysis, arthritis, carditis, central nervous system disease, and hepatitis. Delineation of the spectrum of clinical manifestations has been difficult because available diagnostic methods are clinically impractical. Recent efforts using polymerase chain reaction may allow both timely, accurate diagnosis and better understanding of the pathogenesis of this common infection.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Microbiology (medical)