The MYC proto-oncogene is frequently activated in human cancers through a variety of mechanisms. Its deregulated expression, unconstrained by inactivation of key checkpoints, such as p53, contributes to tumorigenesis. Unlike its normal counterpart, which is restrained by negative regulators, the unleashed MYC oncogene produces a transcription factor that alters global gene expression through transcriptional regulation, resulting in tu-morigenesis. Key genes involved in ribosomal and mitochondrial biogenesis, glucose and glutamine metabolism, lipid synthesis, and cell-cycle progression are robustly activated by MYC, contributing to the acquisition of bioenergetics substrates for the cancer cell to grow and proliferate.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)