Mutations outside the rifampicin resistance-determining region associated with rifampicin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Gilman Kit Hang Siu, Ying Zhang, Terrence C.K. Lau, Ricky W.T. Lau, Pak Leung Ho, Wing Wai Yew, Stephen K.W. Tsui, Vincent C.C. Cheng, Kwok Yung Yuen, Wing Cheong Yam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Ninety-six percent of rifampicin resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis was shown to be associated with mutations inside the 81 bp rifampicin resistance-determining region (RRDR) located in the centre of the rpoB gene. The detection of rifampicin resistance by targeting the RRDR failed to match with a resistant phenotype in 4% of all cases. Our study aims to identify the mutations outside the RRDR that are associated with rifampicin resistance in M. tuberculosis. Methods and results: Among 50 rifampicin-resistant and 20 rifampicin-susceptible clinical isolates of M. tuberculosis, 2 of the rifampicin-resistant isolates did not harbour any known mutations in the RRDR. Sequencing analysis of the whole rpoB gene identified two rare mutations, V146F and I572F. A molecular structure model based on Thermus thermophilus RpoB revealed that both these substituted amino acids are located in close proximity to the rifampicin-binding pocket of the β-subunit. Substitutions of simple amino acids for bulky ones are likely to affect the protein-drug interaction. Cloning and transformation of the mutated rpoB gene into wild-type Mycobacterium smegmatis and M. tuberculosis successfully elevated the MIC of rifampicin and conferred the rifampicin resistance phenotype. Conclusions: Our study showed that amino acid positions 146 and 572 are associated with rifampicin resistance in M. tuberculosis in addition to the RRDR. Molecular assays for identifying rifampicin-resistant M. tuberculosis might be improved in terms of accuracy by including these two positions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)730-733
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Volume66
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2011

Keywords

  • Mycobacterial RNA polymerase
  • Mycobacterium smegmatis
  • RpoB transformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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