Mutations in SGOL1 cause a novel cohesinopathy affecting heart and gut rhythm

FORGE Canada Consortium

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The pacemaking activity of specialized tissues in the heart and gut results in lifelong rhythmic contractions. Here we describe a new syndrome characterized by Chronic Atrial and Intestinal Dysrhythmia, termed CAID syndrome, in 16 French Canadians and 1 Swede. We show that a single shared homozygous founder mutation in SGOL1, a component of the cohesin complex, causes CAID syndrome. Cultured dermal fibroblasts from affected individuals showed accelerated cell cycle progression, a higher rate of senescence and enhanced activation of TGF-I 2 signaling. Karyotypes showed the typical railroad appearance of a centromeric cohesion defect. Tissues derived from affected individuals displayed pathological changes in both the enteric nervous system and smooth muscle. Morpholino-induced knockdown of sgol1 in zebrafish recapitulated the abnormalities seen in humans with CAID syndrome. Our findings identify CAID syndrome as a novel generalized dysrhythmia, suggesting a new role for SGOL1 and the cohesin complex in mediating the integrity of human cardiac and gut rhythm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNature Genetics
PublisherNature Publishing Group
Pages1245-1248
Number of pages4
Volume46
Edition11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 5 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

FORGE Canada Consortium (2014). Mutations in SGOL1 cause a novel cohesinopathy affecting heart and gut rhythm. In Nature Genetics (11 ed., Vol. 46, pp. 1245-1248). Nature Publishing Group. https://doi.org/10.1038/ng.3113