Musculoskeletal tumors: Use of proton MR spectroscopic imaging for characterization

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the value of multivoxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRS1) in distinguishing malignant skeletal tumors from benign tumors and normal bone marrow using the metabolite choline (Cho) as a marker for malignancy. Materials and Methods: Pathologic specimens obtained from 13 patients who had undergone wide resection for skeletal tumors underwent evaluation by MRSI at 1.5 T. Coronal T1-weighted gradient-echo sequence obtained for localization purposes (TR/TE = 250/1.8 msec, field of view [FOV] = 18 × 18), and single-slice MRSI (TR/TE = 2000/272 msec, FOV = 18 × 18, 10-mm slice-thickness) were performed. Water, lipid, and Cho images were reconstructed from MRSI data. Cho signal was measured in each specimen and expressed relative to background noise level (signal-to-noise ratio [SNR]) where noise was measured between 7.0 and 9.0 ppm. Cho SNRs were compared between areas containing malignant tumor and nonmalignant tissue (benign lesion or normal bone marrow) as determined by histopathology. Results: Specimens included 13 skeletal sarcomas (seven osteosarcomas, three chondrosarcomas, one malignant fibrous histiocytoma, one fibrosarcoma, and one leiomyosarcoma). All specimens included a sample of normal bone marrow and two specimens also contained benign lesions. All sarcomas demonstrated a signal at 3.2 ppm assigned to Cho-containing metabolites in areas of malignancy. Peak Cho SNR was significantly different for areas containing histologically-proven malignancy compared to nonmalignant tissue (9.8 ± 5.1 vs. 2.7 ± 1.4, respectively, P < 0.002). Conclusion: These preliminary results indicate that MRSI at 1.5 T is a promising noninvasive method of differentiating malignant skeletal tumors from nonmalignant tissue. Using MRSI, Cho can be detected in skeletal tumors and may serve as a marker for malignancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-28
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

Keywords

  • Bone neoplasms
  • Bone neoplasms, MR
  • Bone neoplasms, diagnosis
  • MR spectroscopy
  • Magnetic resonance (MR)
  • Specimens
  • Spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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