Musculoskeletal complications of systemic lupus erythematosus in the hopkins lupus cohort: An update

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150 Scopus citations


Objective. To determine the frequency of musculoskeletal system damage among patients in the Hopkins Lupus Cohort, over time, and to determine predictors of musculoskeletal damage [including avascular necrosis of bone, osteoporosis, and fracture] in the same cohort. Methods. Evaluation of the cohort visit database [from 1989 or at the time of entry into the cohort if later than 1989] for the 407 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus [SLE]. Musculoskeletal damage was measured by the SLICC/ACR Damage Index. Results. Total damage and musculoskeletal damage accumulated from the time of diagnosis of SLE, and musculoskeletal damage continued over time, with avascular necrosis of bone being the most common form. African‐Americans and SLE patients of lower socioeconomic status were more likely to experience musculoskeletal damage. Use of corticosteroids was a major risk factor for both avascular necrosis of bone and osteoporosis. Conclusio. Musculoskeletal damage remains one of the major sequela of SLE. Reduction of the modifiable risk factors [especially prednisone dose] is the key to both primary and secondary prevention efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-145
Number of pages9
JournalArthritis & Rheumatism
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1995


  • Avascular necrosis of bone
  • Corticosteroid treatment of SLE
  • Hopkins Lupus Cohort
  • Ischemic necrosis of bone
  • Musculoskelatal damage in SLE
  • Osteoporosis in SLE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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